Gabriel García Márquez
( b. Mar 06, 1927 Aracataca, COLOMBIA - d. Apr 17, 2014 Mexico City, MEXICO ) Male
Gabriel Garcia Marquez was a Colombian novelist whose "One Hundred Years of Solitude" established him as a giant of 20th-century literature. Mr. Garcia Marquez, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982, wrote fiction rooted in a mythical Latin American landscape of his own creation, but his appeal was universal. His books were translated into dozens of languages. He was among a select roster of canonical writers -- Dickens, Tolstoy and Hemingway among them -- who were embraced both by critics and by a mass audience.
Mr. Garcia Marquez was a master of the literary genre known as magical realism, in which the miraculous and the real converge. In his novels and stories, storms rage for years, flowers drift from the skies, tyrants survive for centuries, priests levitate and corpses fail to decompose. And, more plausibly, lovers rekindle their passion after a half-century apart.
In "Chronicle of a Death Foretold," published in 1981, Mr. Garcia Marquez used journalistic techniques to tell a story, apparently drawn from a real incident, in which the brothers of a woman who has lost her virginity murder the man responsible, Santiago Nasar. The brothers announce their intention to avenge their family honor, but because of a variety of odd circumstances, Nasar remains unaware of his impending fate. It was adapted into a Broadway musical in 1995.
Dozens of television and film adaptations were made of Mr. Garcia Marquez's works, but none achieved the critical or commercial success of his writing, and he declined requests for the movie rights to "One Hundred Years of Solitude." The novel's readers, he once said, "always imagine the characters as they want, as their aunt or their grandfather, and the moment you bring that to the screen, the reader's margin for creativity disappears."
Source: The New York Times obituary